What are the different kinds of nodes in Hyperledger Fabric? What are they responsible for?

Rashmeet Kaur
3 min readAug 5, 2021


The blockchain’s interaction components are known as nodes. In the perspective that numerous nodes of various kinds might operate on the very same physical platform, a “node” is mostly a logical activity. What matters is just how nodes have been organized into “trust domains” and linked to the conceptual units in charge of them. So get ready to learn some more about these Hyperledger fabric nodes. In this post, we will discuss different nodes and also their purposes in the Hyperledger fabric course.

What are the different kinds of nodes in Hyperledger Fabric

What Is Hyperledger?

Hyperledger is an international corporate blockchain initiative that provides the structure, rules, norms, and tools needed to create open-source blockchains and possible technologies for various industries.

There are three different kinds of nodes:

Client or submitting-client: a user who sends the register a transaction invoice and publishes transaction requirements to the scheduling server.

Peer node: A peer is a node that performs transactions and keeps track of the information and a duplicate of the ledger. Peers can also serve as special endorsers.

Orderer node: A node executing the interaction services incorporating a delivery guarantee, like instantaneous or complete order dissemination, is known as either an ordering-service node or an orderer.


The client is the unit that performs actions instead of the end-user. To communicate with the blockchain, it should link to a peer. The client is free to join every peer they want. Clients initiate transactional activities by creating them. The client initiates a transaction by sending a PROPOSE statement to a group of approving peers. The collection of supporting peers for a particular chain coded is made public to the user through a peer who also knows the grouping of approving peers from the endorsed criteria. The transaction might, for instance, be delivered to every endorser of a specific chain coded.

However, few endorsers might be unavailable, while others would disagree with the activity and support it. When a client sends a message, the approving peer rapid the client’s sign before simulating a transaction. Unless the client provides an anchor, the approving peer will not affect transactions because the accessed version values of the associated keys with its local KVS satisfy those supplied by an anchor.


A peer accepts scheduled information updates from the payment network in blocks and maintains the state plus ledger. Peers can also carry on the position of an approving peer, often known as just an endorser. An approving peer’s unique role arises regarding a single chaincode that includes endorsing an operation before it will be executed. Each chaincode has the option of specifying an endorsement protocol, which can relate to a group of supportive peers. The policy limits the criteria that must be met for a trade endorsement to be legitimate. The procedure is stated as an endorsement guideline of the network chain code in the unique situation of deploy operations that replace old chain code.

Nodes for ordering services (Orderers)

The orderers make up the ordering facility, which is a communication network that ensures delivery. The ordering function can be deployed in several methods, from a centralised service to decentralised approaches that address various network and node, failure models.

The ordering service offers a common communication path to clients and peers and a broadcasting facility for transaction-related notifications. Clients join the network and, therefore, can post information that is subsequently distributed among all peers.

The channel allows for instantaneous transmission of all information, which allows for message transmission with total-order execution and dependability. To put it another way, the channel sends identical messages to every associated peer, and it sends them in the very same logical sequence. This instantaneous transmission assurance is also known as total-order broadcaster, atomic broadcast, or consensus in distributed systems. Applicant actions for insertion in the blockchain version are the transmitted information.


So this was all about the different nodes in Hyperledger fabric with their respective responsibilities. If you are interested in learning more about Hyperleder, you can go to a Hyperledger training session. A Hyperledger certification course can also help you in your future jobs.



Rashmeet Kaur

Result-oriented Technology expert with good experience in education & technology roles.